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On Wednesday, the European Union slapped a record 4.34 billion euro ($5 billion/£3.9billion) fine on Google for using its Android phone software to stifle competition.

The European Commission said the firm had used the mobile operating system to illegally "cement its dominant position" in search.

The firm's parent Alphabet has been given 90 days to change its business practices or face further penalties of up to 5% of its average global daily turnover.

EU antitrust regulators ruled that the company, whose Android software powers more than 80 percent of the world's smartphones, pushed consumers to its search engine, further weakening rival search providers and app makers.

"Google has used Android as a vehicle to cement the dominance of its search engine," Margrethe Vestager, the EU's competition commissioner, said in the decision. "These practices have denied rivals the chance to innovate and compete on the merits."

While Google plans to appeal the ruling, the decision as it stands could have wide implications for the company's advertising business, as well as for phone manufacturers and app developers.

What did Google do?
The EU has a fundamental problem with the agreements between Google and phone makers like Samsung over the use of Android.

Although Google offers the open source mobile software for free, the EU takes issue with the requirements placed on manufacturers to pre-install Google's search and Chrome browser apps if they want to license the Play app store. Google actually ties Play to a suite of 11 different apps, including Maps, Gmail and Docs, but the only ones that the EU has called for it to separate from Play are Chrome and Search.

The EU also says that it's illegal for Google to pay manufacturers and carriers to exclusively pre-install Google's search app on phones, which it says it did between 2011 and 2014, and to use so-called anti-fragmentation agreements to prevent phone makers from selling modified versions of Android.

What's Google's argument?
In a blog post on the ruling, Google CEO Sundar Pichai said that Android has increased competition, not diminished it.

Google's main rebuttal is that Android users can easily remove the pre-installed apps and download third-party alternatives. According to Pichai, a "typical Android user" installs 50 apps.

Pichai said that phone manufactures can also choose to modify Android, citing Amazon's line of Fire products (though he doesn't mention the EU's accusation that its agreements with phone makers kept other manufacturers from making phones with FireOS), and that Android has compatibility rules to ensure that app developers' products work across devices.

Ultra Aerodynamic Bike can be designed by artificial intelligence, a latest software which is developed by Neural Concept, can calculate most aerodynamic shape for bike.
Engineers have already used the program to design a bike that they hope will break the world speed record this fall in Nevada.

The current record for a bicycle travelling across flat road is 133.78 km/h, set in 2012 by a Dutch team at the World Human Powered Speed Challenge, which takes place every year in the Nevada desert. But this September, a team from IUT Annecy aims to beat that record. The team used artificial-intelligence-based software developed by Neural Concept, an EPFL startup, to boost the performance of its bike. In just a few minutes, Neural Concept's technology can calculate the optimal shape of a bike to make it as aerodynamic as possible. It can also be used for aerodynamics calculations in a number of other applications. The company is presenting its software in Stockholm today at the International Conference on Machine Learning.

From the outside, the IUT Annecy team's recumbent bike looks more like a tiny racecar than a human-powered bicycle. It was custom-made to fit closely to the cyclist's body. During the Challenge, he will have to ride down a 200-meter stretch of straight, flat road as fast as possible, after a run-up of 8 km. The design objective clearly isn't cyclist comfort, but making the most out of every inch of the vehicle.

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-07-artificial-intelligence-ultra-aerodynamic-bike.html#jCp
Youtube Incognito
image src: iotgadgets.com
While watching private video user uses Incognito Window, now Google is rolling out Incognito Mode in Youtube, which will keep user sign in and will not record their search history as well as view history. User can enjoy the benefit of sign in and incognito combo at a time. 

You can enable the feature by tapping on your avatar, which will bring up a menu. There you'll see a "Turn on Incognito" option, replacing the Sign Out button.
"When you turn off Incognito or become inactive, your activity from this session will be cleared and you'll return to the account last used," a message reads when you tap the option.

"Your activity might still be visible to your employer, school, or internet service provider."

The Google hat-and-sunglasses icon in the top-right and a "You're incognito" bar at the bottom on the interface will remind you that your activities aren't being recorded.

YouTube didn't immediately respond to a request for comment about the mode being added to the iOS version of the app.
WhatsApp fake news
WhatsApp now offers tips for users to spot fake news after Indian murders.

Many fake news which is spread by WhatsApp users cause dangerous effect in our life.
On Tuesday, 10th July 2018, Facebook's WhatsApp messaging service published advertisements in key Indian newspapers to tackle the spread of misinformation, its first such effort to combat a flurry of fake messages that prompted mob lynchings.

Beatings and deaths triggered by false incendiary messages in India, WhatsApp's biggest market with more than 200 million users, caused a public relations nightmare, sparking calls from authorities for immediate action.

"Together we can fight false information," read full-page advertisements in some top English language-newspapers, part of a series that will also feature in regional-language dailies.

It urged users to check information before sharing it and cautioned them about the spread of fake news.

"We are starting an education campaign in India on how to spot fake news and rumors," a WhatsApp spokesman said in a statement. "Our first step is placing newspaper advertisements in English and Hindi and several other languages. We will build on these efforts."

During the week, it aims to publish similar advertisements in regional dailies across India, from the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan in the west to the most populous state of Uttar Pradesh in the north, it added.

WhatsApp has previously said it is tweaking features and giving users controls in its effort to rein in false messages. It is also testing the labeling of messages to show users when a message received is just a forward, rather than one created by the sender. 

Xiaomi Mi A2 images and specification leaked many times, and there is another one.
As stated before the launching date and price of Xiaomi Mi A2, Xiaomi Mi A2 is lagrly expected to be launch on special global launch event organise by Xiaomi.
For now there is a live image of Xiaomi Mi A2, successor of Xiaomi Mi A1.

Xiaomi Mi A2 leaked photo
Credit: Slash Leak

The image has surfaced on Slash Leaks, and it shows the About Phone section in the Settings Menu of the Mi A2 on the display screen. The image confirms that it is indeed the Xiaomi Mi A2 model, running on stock Android 8.1 Oreo, without any MIUI skin. It also has the May security patch installed. The image also suggests that the Mi A2 will run on the Snapdragon 660 processor, something that has been reported before as well.

As predicted and leaked information:

  • Xiaomi Mi A2 design will be same as Xiaomi Mi 6
  • Xiaomi Mi A2 run on Snapdragon 660 processor.
  • Android Oreo 8.1 without MIUI skin.
  • 5.99-inch full-HD+ (1080x2160 pixels) display as the one seen on the Mi 6X
  • 4/6GB RAM with 32/64/128GB internal storage
  • Dual rear camera with 12MP primary sensor, 20MP from camera.
  • 3010mAh battery with 3.0 quick charge option
  • Connectivity: Bluetooth 5.1, 4G LTE, Wi-Fi 802.11ac, and USB Type-C

Initially Android P Beta 3 Developer preview was released on 2nd July 2018 for Pixels phones with lot of new features, stability fixes, and subtle design. This latest Android P is now only available for Google Pixels phone and coming soon to other phones in the Developer Preview program.

Release update features of Android P Beta 3 consist of:

Installing the new software you'll see very subtle iconography changes throughout the system including the status bar, notification shade and setting screen. 

Redesign back button  is also now a thinner little arrow.

Google has already finalized all of the APIs in Android P, which is important for developers who are making their apps compatible with the latest version. (For the developers out there, Beta 3 is analogous to Developer Preview 4.) Google says Beta 3 is focused on "stability and polish," as well as getting the latest July security patch out to phones running on the Beta software. Google says that the system is "near-final" and is labeling it as a "release candidate build" — so what we see here shouldn't be far off from what's finally unveiled as the official version.
Next Gen Robotic cockroach HAMR
Next generation robotic cockroach can explore and research on under water technology and able to walk on land, swim on the surface of water, and walk underwater, opening up new environments for this little bot to explore. 

In nature, cockroaches can survive underwater for up to 30 minutes. Now, a robotic cockroach can do even better. Harvard's Ambulatory Microrobot, known as HAMR, can walk on land, swim on the surface of water, and walk underwater for as long as necessary, opening up new environments for this little bot to explore.

This next generation HAMR uses multifunctional foot pads that rely on surface tension and surface tension induced buoyancy when HAMR needs to swim but can also apply a voltage to break the water surface when HAMR needs to sink. This process is called electrowetting, which is the reduction of the contact angle between a material and the water surface under an applied voltage. This change of contact angle makes it easier for objects to break the water surface.

Moving on the surface of water allows a microrobot to evade submerged obstacles and reduces drag. Using four pairs of asymmetric flaps and custom designed swimming gaits, HAMR robo-paddles on the water surface to swim. Exploiting the unsteady interaction between the robot's passive flaps and the surrounding water, the robot generates swimming gaits similar to that of a diving beetle. This allows the robot to effectively swim forward and turn.

"This research demonstrates that microrobotics can leverage small-scale physics—in this case surface tension—to perform functions and capabilities that are challenging for larger robots," said Kevin Chen, a postdoctoral fellow at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and first author of the paper.

The most recent research is published in the journal Nature Communications.

"HAMR's size is key to its performance," said Neel Doshi, graduate student at SEAS and co-author of the paper. "If it were much bigger, it would be challenging to support the robot with surface tension and if it were much smaller, the robot might not be able to generate enough force to break it."

HAMR weighs 1.65 grams (about as much as a large paper clip), can carry 1.44 grams of additional payload without sinking and can paddle its legs with a frequency up to 10 Hz. It's coated in Parylene to keep it from shorting under water.

Once below the surface of the water, HAMR uses the same gait to walk as it does on dry land and is just as mobile. To return to dry land HAMR faces enormous challenge from the water's hold. A water surface tension force that is twice the robot weight pushes down on the robot, and in addition the induced torque causes a dramatic increase of friction on the robot's hind legs. The researchers stiffened the robot's transmission and installed soft pads to the robot's front legs to increase payload capacity and redistribute friction during climbing. Finally, walking up a modest incline, the robot is able break out of the water's hold.

"This robot nicely illustrates some of the challenges and opportunities with small-scale robots," said senior author Robert Wood, Charles River Professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences at SEAS and core faculty member of the Harvard Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering. "Shrinking brings opportunities for increased mobility—such as walking on the surface of water—but also challenges since the forces that we take for granted at larger scales can start to dominate at the size of an insect."

Next, the researchers hope to further improve HAMR's locomotion and find a way to return to land without a ramp, perhaps incorporating gecko-inspired adhesives or impulsive jumping mechanisms.

Source :Visit

Xiaomi A2 Launching Date
credit: geekbuying.com
Xiaomi Mi A1 gets Android 8.1 Oreo update soon as  Mi A2 launch between 23rd July 2018 - 26th July 2018.
[Read: Xiaomi Mi A2 specification and details] Great news for Xiaomi Mi A1 user, now they will get Android Oreo 8.1 update soon. And their successor Xiaomi Mi A2 will launch soon, expected date 23rd July 2018 - 26th July 2018

Xiaomi launched the Mi A1, its first Android One phone  with Android Nougat 7.1. A couple of months later, M1 A1 was upgraded to Android 8.0 Oreo. Ever since then rumours of Android 8.1 Oreo update for the Mi A1 were making rounds on the internet. Shutting all talks, Xiaomi has now officially started rolling out the Android 8.1 Oreo update for the Mi A1 users.

The Android 8.1 Oreo update on the Mi A1 comes along with June security patch. The update reportedly weighs 1.1GB and has already started rolling out globally with reports from users in India and the Philippines getting the OTA. To get the update, Mi A1 users will need to go to setting, check for the update and then install it. Ensure to connect your device to a Wi-Fi network before installing the update.

The Android 8.1 Oreo doesn't really bring a lot of changes, in terms of features, over the Android 8.0 Oreo. The official changelog of the update is yet to be available. However, according to an unofficial changelog, the new software update comes with a new power menu, better sound, launcher version 3, and some minor changes in the system UI. The June security patch brings bug fixes and improvements to the phone.

Android 8.1 Oreo update is definitely a good news for the Mi A1 users. But, according to the unofficial changelog, the software update comes along with a bug that apparently wipes entire SMS history. Some users who have installed the update have reported that the problem specifically occurs after the message app is swiped away. So, it is safe to back up your SMSes before installing the update.

Meanwhile, there has been a lot of buzz about the Mi A1 successor aka the Mi A2. Reports say that Mi A2 will be launching anywhere between July 23 and Jul 26 in India. Since the Mi 5X became the Mi A1 for the Indian market, chances are the newly launched Mi 6X could be the Mi A2 in India.
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